Vol. 14, n. 1, 2018
Table of Contents
Beatriz Gallardo-PaúlsDOI: 10.14605/LOG1411801
The bibliography on language and brain damage investigates how speakers suffering from brain damage, both those with aphasic damage and those damaged in the right cerebral hemisphere, construct their texts, paying special attention to narrative outlines. Using a collection of recordings of speakers with aphasic damage from the group PerLa (Perception, Language and Aphasia), we analyse how these speakers formulate texts and develop texts on a more general level. We analyse how they adapt the core parts of a text, but also how appropriate the different elements of the text are in terms of cognitive relevance, by using the notions of prototypicality and syntactic iconicity; we believe that both concepts are highly relevant for the explanation of certain characteristics traditionally associated with agrammatism, such as occurs for example with the choice of grammatical subjects or the loss of information. Aphasic narrative text shows evidence of the handling of narrative superstructures and of the presence of the three informative levels (descriptive, agentive and evaluative); cohesion and coherence errors manifest the interdependence between grammar and pragmatics, and can be explained with cognitive linguistic theories.
Pasqualina Andretta Anna Rita Beghetto Marika Cherubin Luca Guarda-NardiniDOI: 10.14605/LOG1411802
The study aims to investigate the incidence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in subjects with altered oral functions and to verify the efficacy of myofunctional therapy in these subjects. The study was conducted on 52 subjects with orofacial myofunctional disorders. 24 of them also presented signs and symptoms of TMD. 22 out of the 24 were selected (20 females, 2 males) since they had been treated using myofunctional therapy. A rebalancing of orofacial muscles and a restoration of oral functions were observed after the treatment. There was also a reduction of signs and symptoms of TMD and consequently of the discomfort that subjects perceived. There was a high incidence of TMD in subjects with orofacial myofunctional disorders. The myofunctional therapy revealed itself efficient and effective in subjects with TMD associated with dysfunctional swallowing.
Giovanni Masciarelli Antonio Tanzilli Enrico IuratoDOI: 10.14605/LOG1411803
In this study we will describe a case of a non-verbal learning disorder. In order to assess the patient’s cognitive profile we carried out a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests, which also served to highlight the core deficit and to make a differential diagnosis with other disorders presenting similar features. Moreover, based on the results obtained, we describe a treatment programme which focuses on the patient’s cognitive, emotional and social needs. The results of this case study show a core deficit in visual-spatial working memory clearly dissociable from normal functioning of auditory-verbal working memory. We also stress the connection between the visual-spatial working memory deficit and performances obtained in constructional and gestural tasks. We then indicate how the patient’s cognitive profile fits with the results of his academic performance. Finally, we suggest helpful strategies to develop a cognitive rehabilitation programme for patients affected by non-verbal learning disabilities as in the aforementioned case.
Giulia Rossi Antonio Amitrano
The development and validation of a new mealtime assessment tool for patients with dysphagia. The Mealtime Assessment Tool (MAT)DOI: 10.14605/LOG1411804
The aim was to develop and validate a questionnaire to be administered by caregivers of patients with dysphagia in order to explore patients’ mealtime behaviour. This study aimed to create a new quantitative and qualitative mealtime assessment tool (MAT), an abridged version of an already published questionnaire, Grid for Caregivers, to be administered by the caregivers of patients with dysphagia. The development and validation process was divided into three phases. The first phase included the identification of items for the questionnaire. The second phase involved pilot testing of the first version of the tool. The final phase was a psychometric evaluation in which the test was administered to the target population: adult inpatients with diagnosed and undiagnosed oropharyngeal dysphagia. The validation process led to the conclusion that the MAT is a valid, reliable and stable scale. It is designed as a handy guide for non-professionals to work with.
Maria Rita Torino Rossella Muò
The role of Social and Community Theatre in the rehabilitation of persons with aphasia. The experience of the Centro Afasia CIRP in TurinDOI: 10.14605/LOG1411805
Aphasia usually influences the social life of persons affected and their significant others and can result in changed relationships and in a negative perception of quality of life. The social approach supports individuals with aphasia by empowering them and giving them the opportunity to take part in their recovery process and regain their personal identity. This article describes a model of intervention designed and adopted by a team of professionals at the Centro Afasia CIRP – Fondazione Carlo Molo Onlus in Turin, with the aim of achieving the best social inclusion for people with aphasia. The article focuses on Social and Community Theatre activities, which are found to be useful in improving social participation, managing communication abilities and regaining the identity of the person with aphasia.